References and citations should be complete in all respects in order to enable readers to look up the source materials and most importantly, to demonstrate that your paper is well – researched and gives credit to the author(s) of the source materials.
References should be included at the end of the paper. All the references should be referred to in the text and arranged in alphabetical order. Authors are requested to include only a list of cited References and not a Bibliography. Reference to a citation in the text should be made by means of the author’s name followed by the year of publication in parenthesis. The references must follow the style guide of the American Psychological Association (APA) (Sixth Edition).
When quoting directly or indirectly from a source, the source must be acknowledged in the text by author name and year of publication. If quoting directly, a location reference such as page number(s) or paragraph number is also required.
⇒ EXAMPLE OF A BOOK
Keller, K. L. (2003). Strategic brand management: Building, measuring and managing brand equity (2nd ed.) New Jersey: Prentice Hall. [In text citation: Keller, 2003].
⇒ BOOKS (WITH MORE THAN THREE AUTHORS)
Giddens, A., Dessler, G., Dooley, D., & Smucker, M.K. (1979). Central problems in social theory. Action, structure and contradiction in social analysis (Vol. 3, pp.719-729). Berkeley: University of California Press. [In text citation: Giddens, Dessler, Dooley, & Smucker, 1979].
⇒ CHAPTER OF A BOOK
Kotler, P., & Gertner, D. (2004). Country as brand, product and beyond: A place marketing and brand management perspective. In N. Morgan, & A. Pritchar (Eds.). Destination branding: Creating the unique destination proposition (pp. 40-56). Oxford: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann. [In text citation: Kotler & Gertner, 2004]
⇒ BOOKS (EDITED)
Giddens, A., & Perlez, J. (Eds.) (1979). Central problems in social theory. Action, Structure and contradiction in social analysis (Vol. 3, pp.719-729). Berkeley: University of California Press. [In text citation: Giddens & Perlez, 1979]
⇒ JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arumugam, C., & Asokan, M. R. (2016). A Factual Report on Electronics and Computer Technology Industries from 2003 to 2012 in India. International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research & Development (IJASRD), 3 (3), 40 – 43. [In text citation: Arumugam & Asokan, 2016].
⇒ JOURNAL ARTICLE WITH DOI
Santosh, K., Subrahmanyam, S. E. V., & Reddy, N. T., (2016). Major Milestones of Financial Inclusion in India – An Analytical Study. International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research & Development (IJASRD), 3 (3), 24 – 34. doi: 10.17010/ijasrd/2016/v3i3/3305. [In text citation: Santosh, Subrahmanyam, & Reddy, 2014].
⇒ JOURNAL ARTICLE FROM A SUBSCRIPTION DATABASE
Alden, C., & Davies, M. (2006). A profile of the operations of Chinese multinationals in Africa. South African Journal of International Affairs, 13 (1), 83-96. Retrieved from the EBSCO database. [In text citation: Alden & Davies, 2006].
⇒ CONFERENCE PAPER IN PRINT PROCEEDINGS
Chowdhury, P. R., & Anuradha, A. (2016). “The Effect of Currency Fluctuation on Foreign Direct Investment: A Study with Respect to India”. In S. Yuvaraj (Eds.). Emerging Trends in Business Excellence and International Business – India’s Perspectives. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the UGC Sponsored International Seminar held in University of Madras, Chennai, 16 September, 2016 (pp. 01 – 08). Nedungadu, PY, IND, International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research & Development (IJASRD). [In text citation: Chowdhury & Anuradha, 2016].
⇒ CONFERENCE PAPER FROM THE INTERNET
Balakrishnan, R. (2016, March 25-26). Why aren’t we using 3d user interfaces, and will we ever? Paper presented at the IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces. doi:10.1109/VR.2006.148. [In text citation: Balakrishnan, 2006].
⇒ UNPUBLISHED CONFERENCE PAPER
Brown, S., & Caste, V. (2014, May). Integrated obstacle detection framework. Paper presented at the IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, Detroit, MI. [In text citation: Brown & Caste, 2004].
⇒ CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS
Bickman, L., & Ellis, H. (Eds.). (1990). Preparing psychologists for the 21st century: Proceedings of the National Conference on Graduate Education in Psychology, University of Utah, 1988. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum. [In text citation: Bickman & Ellis, 1990].
Eniola, S. (2006). Customer satisfaction in the mobile telecommunications industry in Nigeria (Unpublished Doctoral Thesis), Blekinge Institute of Technology, Ronneby, Sweden. [In text citation: Eniola, 2006].
⇒ DISSERTATION FROM THE WEB
Angelova, A. N. (2004). Data pruning (Master’s Thesis). Retrieved from http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechETD:etd-05282004-000943 [In text citation: Angelova, 2004].
⇒ WEB SOURCES
Girdharwal, N. (2007). A study of physicians’ behavior towards marketing of pharmaceutical products: A case study of Indian market. Retrieved from http://www.pharmainfo.net/reviews/study-physicians-behaviour-towardmarketing-pharmaceutical-products-case-study-indian-market [In text citation: Girdharwal, 2007].
⇒ NEWSPAPER ARTICLE
Patankar, S. (2012, October, 2). Green IT to double to $70bn by 2015: Gartner. The Times of India, p.5.
⇒ ONLINE NEWSPAPER ARTICLE
Patankar, S. (2012, October, 2). Green IT to double to $70bn by 2015: Gartner. The Times of India. Retrieved from http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-10-02/software-services/34217449_1_sustainability-carbonemissions-productivity-and-drive-growth.
⇒ NEWSPAPER ARTICLE WITH NO AUTHOR
Green IT to double to $70bn by 2015: Gartner. (2012, October, 2). The Times of India, p.5.
⇒ GOVERNMENT REPORT
Economic and Statistical Organization Punjab. (2011). Environment statistics of Punjab. Retrieved from http://pbplanning.gov.in/pdf/environment2011.pdf.