“Plagiarism” can occur in two forms:
- Author(s) intentionally copy someone else’s work and claim it as their own, or
- Author(s) copy his or her own previously published material either in full or in part, without providing appropriate references – also called as “self-plagiarism” or “duplicate-publication”.
Plagiarism before publication
The International Journal of Advanced Scientific Research & Development (IJASRD) will judge any case of plagiarism on its own merits. If plagiarism is detected, either by the editors, peer reviewers or editorial staff at any stage before publication of a manuscript – before or after acceptance, during editing or at page proof stage, we will alert the author(s), asking him or her to either rewrite the text or quote the text exactly and to cite the original source. If the plagiarism is extensive – that is, if at least 25% of the original submission is plagiarized – the article may be rejected and the author’s institution/employer notified.
When is plagiarism check done?
Every manuscript submitted for publication in IJASRD Journal is checked for plagiarism after submission and before being send to an editor for editorial review.
How is plagiarism check done?
IJASRD Journal uses iThenticate (developed by Turnitin) to detect instance of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts.
iThenticate is the leading provider of professional plagiarism detection and prevention technology used worldwide by scholarly publishers and research institutions to ensure the originality of written work before publication. iThenticate helps editors, authors and researchers prevent misconduct by comparing manuscripts against its database of over 60 billion web pages and 155 million content items, including 49 million works from 800 scholarly publisher participants of Crossref Similarity Check powered by iThenticate software.
How are manuscripts with plagiarism handled?
The manuscripts in which plagiarism is detected are handled based on the extent of plagiarism present in the manuscript.
- <5% plagiarism – The manuscript is assigned a manuscript ID and it is immediately send back to the authors for content revision.
- 5% to 25% plagiarism – The manuscript is NOT assigned a manuscript ID and it is immediately send back to the authors for content revision.
- >25% plagiarism – The manuscript is rejected without editorial review. The authors are advised to revise the plagiarized parts of the manuscript and resubmit it as a fresh manuscript.
Why are manuscripts with >25% plagiarism rejected?
It is our experience that if a submitted manuscript has >25% plagiarism it is very unlikely that the authors will revise the manuscript and submit the revised version. If the manuscript is kept in the journal publication system indefinitely, it creates an extra burden on the technical and human resources. However, authors are welcome to do the required revisions and submit the manuscript as a new submission.
How is percentage of plagiarized text calculated?
The percentage of plagiarism is calculated by software and also assessed manually. Please note that the plagiarized text may be scattered throughout the manuscript or it may be as a single paragraph or as a single block of text with multiple paragraphs. In some cases, it may be difficult to calculate the exact percentage of plagiarized text. Some examples of different percentages are given below:
Calculation for a single page with following parameters: Size – A4; Margins – 1 inch on all four sides; Line spacing – 1.15, Font Size – 12; Font Type – Century Schoolbook; Text Lines – 45.
5% plagiarized text : 2.25 lines per page (total of 45 lines per page)
10% plagiarized text : 4.5 lines per page (total of 45 lines per page)
25% plagiarized text : 11.25 lines per page (total of 45 lines per page)
50% plagiarized text : 22.5 lines per page (total of 45 lines per page)
The red coloured text is the plagiarized text.
Is it possible that plagiarism/duplicate publication may not be detected in a manuscript submitted for publication?
Sometimes it may not be possible to detect plagiarism/duplicate publication in a manuscript submitted for publication. Some situations are:
It may happen that the manuscript is not freely accessible to article indexing services due to restrictions by programmers, journals or publishers; or it is available on the journal website but not yet indexed by article indexing services. In such cases when plagiarism check is done the content of the manuscript being checked cannot be compared to the original manuscript due to restrictions and plagiarism will not be detected.
- Same manuscript, with or without minor changes, is submitted to two or more journals at the same time and it is published in both the journals,
- A manuscript is submitted to a journal but it is withdrawn from the journal before publication and is submitted to another journal; however, it is still published in the first journal.
In the above cases when pre-processing check is done by one journal, duplicate publication will not be detected, as the manuscript is still under process in the other journal and has not been published online. It is likely that one journal will publish the manuscript, unaware that it is also being published in the other journal.
In all the above examples, after the manuscript is published, readers will see two published articles in two different journals with all or some content which is exactly the same.
What can you do if you come across a case of plagiarism in any journal from any publisher?
If you come across a case of plagiarism in any journal from any publisher, please do inform the editorial office(s) of all the involved journals, giving them the journal names, title of manuscripts, name of authors, volume number, issue number, year of publication and any other information you may have. The editorial offices will handle the cases as per their policy.
Plagiarism after publication
If plagiarism is detected after publication, IJASRD Journal will conduct an investigation. If plagiarism is found, the journal editorial office will contact the author’s institute and funding agencies. The paper containing the plagiarism will be marked on each page of the PDF. Depending on the extent of the plagiarism, the paper may also be formally retracted.